The word seal is derived from the English verb to seal. That means sealing. Sealing at the dentist also means sealing or sealing grooves and pits in teeth. The dentist or dental hygienist applies a layer of plastic lacquer or resin cement. This can be transparent or yellow-white.
Sealing. What is that?
The word "seal" is derived from the English verb "to seal". That means sealing. Sealing at the dentist also means sealing or sealing grooves and pits in teeth. The dentist or dental hygienist applies a layer of plastic lacquer or resin cement. This can be transparent or yellow-white.
Those who brush their teeth carefully have little chance of getting holes. You can stop starting holes if you brush your teeth well.
Sealing helps protect the molars from cavities as they grow. It protects them in those places where they are most sensitive to holes, namely in the grooves and pits. These are vulnerable, especially if they are deep and narrow. The hairs of the toothbrush are difficult to clean the grooves. Sealing usually happens shortly after the permanent molar has completely broken. Then the chance of holes is greatest.
How does the sealing process work?
First of all, the dentist or dental hygienist cleans the tooth thoroughly with a rotating brush or an instrument.
Saliva prevents the layer from adhering to the tooth. That is why the dentist or dental hygienist keeps the tooth dry with cotton wool rolls and a saliva cleaner. Then no saliva can reach the tooth.
Sometimes the dentist or dental hygienist spans a very thin rubber patch around the entire molar or multiple molars. This is also called rubber dam. A clip holds the piece in place. The clip sometimes presses slightly on the gums, but that usually gets used quickly. He then sprayed the molar with an air spray.
To allow the layer to adhere well, the dentist or dental hygienist roughens the grooves and pits in the enamel with an acid liquid or gel. This is called etching.
After a short exposure time, the dentist or dental hygienist rinses off the acid liquid or gel with water. This is done with an air / water sprayer. The water is sucked up with a saliva cleaner.
Now the dentist or dental hygienist can apply the layer to the tooth. The applied material comes deep into the bottom of the grooves and pits.
Then the material must cure. That can happen on its own or with a lamp that gives blue light. When the dentist or dental hygienist uses a lamp, he sometimes protects the eyes with an orange screen. Finally, the dentist or dental hygienist checks whether the layer is properly attached.
What is the advantage of sealing?
In the sealed surfaces of the molars there is less chance of holes.
What are the disadvantages of sealing?
After sealing, children sometimes have a somewhat bad taste in their mouth. At close range, the molars initially feel a bit strange. This feeling disappears automatically. Sealing only works where the layer has been applied. It does not prevent holes in the teeth or molars from forming in other places.
How do children experience sealing?
Children often experience sealing as a real treatment. Most children can tolerate it well.
What is important for my child to know?
Young children usually have difficulty keeping their mouths open for a long time. Tell your child how the treatment goes. If your child knows what is happening, chances are that the treatment will go smoothly.
Should each child's molars be sealed?
The molars are only sealed if the dentist expects holes to appear in the grooves.
Brushing your teeth when the molars are sealed
You can just keep brushing with a fluoride toothpaste. Simply polish the sealed surfaces.
How long does the sealant last?
The sealant that is deep in the grooves will last a few years. During the periodic check, the dentist or dental hygienist checks whether there is still enough available. If some material has disappeared, this can be supplemented.