Tooth decay can sometimes cause inflammation in the tooth marrow. The root canal is then inflamed and must be treated.
After eating, food particles and liquids remain on the teeth and molars. Those particles contain sugar and starch. The bacteria that live in the mouth feed on the food scraps and thus form acid.
This acid can eventually damage the protective layer of enamel on the teeth, which causes holes. One speaks of tooth decay. Tooth decay can cause infection, resulting in pain and inflammation.
Under the enamel of the teeth lies the tooth marrow, a soft tissue that contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. The tooth marrow extends from the crown to the root of the tooth. If inflammation occurs in the tooth marrow due to tooth decay, a root canal treatment is necessary.
During a root canal treatment, the tooth or molar and the area around it is anesthetized. The dentist then drills a hole in the tooth, after which the tooth marrow is removed from the tooth. The root canals are cleaned and filled with medication. A permanent crown is then placed over the tooth.
This procedure can lead to various complications, which must be discussed with the dentist prior to surgery.