Introduction - Mentally challenged people
Intellectual limitations can vary from light to serious. The consequences of the limitation for health and social functioning also vary from mild to severe. Fewer and fewer people with an intellectual disability (VB) stay in a care institution for a long time. More and more people with a VB live at home (independently or with their parents) or in a protective housing. People with a VB suffer after the fiftieth year from disorders that others usually only after the 65th year or even later. Often they even get multiple conditions (multimorbidity). Assistants in primary care practice are increasingly faced with people with intellectual disabilities and various other health problems. Assistants working in institutions for people with a VB and centers for special dentistry are mainly confronted with people with a moderately serious, a serious or a very serious VB.
People who are weak or have a light VB often can not read and write as well. In this chapter, we focus on dealing with people with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities. They can stay at home or in an institution.