Anatomy and physiology are the subjects that deal with the construction and function of the human body. As a dentist / dental assistant it is important to have background knowledge of the teeth, but also of the head, neck and chewing system. For example, you need to know how a healthy tooth is constructed, so that you later understand how tooth decay can occur. In this book the dental terminology and the way in which we name everything (= nomenclature) is used. That is the professional language that is used in dental practice. It is often Latin. Latin terms are international, so all dentists in the world can understand each other.
In this chapter, not all components are discussed in the same depth. A number of topics are further discussed in other chapters.
Let's start with the mouth. If you look in an open mouth, you see many structures. First the structures in the oral cavity itself are discussed and then the surrounding structures, such as the pharynx, salivary glands, blood and lymph vessels, bones, muscles and nerves. When the anatomy of the structures is discussed, we also deal with the function.