Discolouration due to the teeth can occur in different ways. The cause of the discoloration partly determines the treatment options.
Possible causes are:
- The teeth are not clean, the discolorations are caused by plaque and tartar.
- The teeth are discolored by the use of medication in your youth.
- The teeth are discolored by current medication use.
- The teeth are discolored over time by food and / or smoking.
- You have yellow teeth, it is your innate color.
Your teeth are not clean
If there are deposits, plaque or tartar on your teeth, it will never look good. By brushing according to the method described in chapter ” Introduction ”, in combination with stoking or flossing, you can solve part of this problem. However, you cannot remove tartar yourself, you can prevent it from occurring. If tartar is already present on your teeth, your dentist or dental hygienist will first have to remove it. Then you can get started yourself to keep it beautiful.
What is Tartar?
Tartar is a hard layer on your teeth, as hard as stone, hence the word. It is so hard that you cannot remove it with a toothbrush or floss, the dentist must remove it.
How does tartar arise?
Just like tartar, tartar is created because lime from your saliva deposits on your teeth. Not just because tartar has no chance on smooth clean teeth. There must be a layer of plaque on the teeth. Paste is present if (parts of) your teeth and molars have not been cleaned for 24 hours. Usually those are the places that are difficult to reach, such as corners between the teeth and molars that can only be reached with floss, or the backs of your lower teeth. If you smoke, tartar is created faster than if you do not smoke; In addition, smokers are more susceptible to gum disease.
How is tartar removed?
The dentist or dental hygienist removes tartar with ultrasonic equipment. The ultrasound provides a very fast vibrating movement of the tip, but unfortunately also for the high, irritating sound. The tartar device has a smooth rounded metal tip, which taps the tartar off the teeth. The device does not grind, so it does not remove enamel from your teeth and molars. Tartar can also be removed with difficult instruments in tricky places or places where great care is required. After tartar removal, the teeth are always polished.
Why is tartar removed?
Tartar is removed because your gums become inflamed. Moreover, it is a dirty face and causes bad breath.
Complaints with inflamed gums:
- Bleeding when brushing or flossing, sometimes even when touched;
- Sometimes bad breath;
- Sometimes bad taste.
Bleeding gums are never good, even though you ‘always have it’, your grandmother, your sister and your father have it too and you ‘don’t suffer from it’, it is not good, your teeth are detached from it and eventually fall out. The bleeding means that your gums are inflamed. Pain is not in the list of complaints, inflamed gums rarely hurt, which is why people tend not to pay so much attention to it. The statement: “It doesn’t hurt so it won’t be serious” does not apply here.
There is another snag: if you smoke, your gums will be less bloodied. So you will find out less quickly that your gums are inflamed, because the first signal, the bleeding, occurs later.
What is the treatment?
Cleaning, by you, possibly after a cleaning at your dentist. You can use plaque reminders to check whether you have removed all plaque. Bleeding gums should be gone in three days when you have removed all plaque. If this is not the case, it is advisable to make an appointment with your dentist to have it examined if there is more to it. If your dentist has already removed tartar from you, you can use an anti-toothpaste to ensure that the tartar does not return as quickly.
And if I don’t do anything?
Then you run the risk that the inflammation spreads to the jawbone, causing your teeth and molars to stand loose.
You have discolourations due to the use of medication in your youth
You probably have stripes on your teeth. Horizontal jobs that indicate exactly, like annual rings in a tree, how old you were when you were given the medicine. The culprits are often antibiotics, especially tetracyclines are notorious. They were often given to children with respiratory tract infections in the past, long before it became known that teeth and molars were permanently discolored.
Bleaching (external) often has some effect on this discoloration, it is in any case good to try this as a first treatment. If bleaching is not sufficient, you can opt for porcelain veneers on all teeth and the molars that are visible when laughing. To make facings, a thin outer layer is ground off the teeth; so, unlike bleaching, it is a definitive choice.
Of course, all visible teeth and molars can also be fitted with crowns. However, this is not only much more expensive, it can also look more unnatural than facings, because crowns are less transparent. Sometimes that is the intention. For example if the discolorations are so dark that a facing does not mask them. Because there are many types of crowns and facings, it is good to consult with your dentist which is the best choice for you. Internal bleaching of a very dark discoloration can sometimes also be considered. A major disadvantage is that the elements to be bleached then first need a root canal treatment. This treatment will therefore only be opted for exceptionally.
It is also possible that white spots appear on all your teeth.
By bleaching your entire teeth, these spots will become considerably less noticeable.
If your entire teeth are not only discolored, but also vulnerable due to faults in the enamel build-up, then whitening alone is not a good choice. An extensive treatment plan will be drawn up, specialist work for your own dentist or for a dentist specialized in aesthetic dentistry. This type of abnormality is already visible at an early age, often immediately after the first permanent teeth have been broken at the age of six. Nowadays a treatment plan is usually drawn up at that time.
You have discolourations due to current medication use
There are medicines that discolor your teeth considerably. Often it concerns a discoloration on the outside of your tooth, and the discoloration disappears some time after you have stopped taking medication. An example of this is the rinsing agent chlorhexidine, which turns your teeth brown. If you do not want to wait until you have removed the discoloration yourself, ask your dentist or dental hygienist for a polishing treatment. Because the discoloration is on the teeth outside and not in the enamel, bleaching is not necessary.
Your teeth are discolored by food and / or smoking
As you get older, your teeth will discolor. With one faster than with the other, this has to do with the quality of your frosting and your eating habits. Fast discolourers are coffee and tea, blueberry juice and licorice. Smoking is the biggest culprit. Bleaching is a good option for all cases. It is wise to have this checked by your dentist. He will often polish your teeth first to see which stains and discolorations are superficial. Your dentist can then discuss with you which end result you can expect from the bleaching. Then the bleaching can begin. There are two methods, bleaching in practice using lamps and bleaching at home. In the dental practice it goes faster, but it is also slightly more expensive, at home it goes a bit slower and is also more predictable.
You have yellow teeth of yourself
Often the yellow color of your teeth will match your face color, you may have red hair? Unfortunately we live in a white tooth age. If you are bothered by your yellow teeth, then bleaching is a solution. If your teeth are not only yellow but also cool and strong, then whitening is a very predictable treatment for you, the result will be nice.