What is a dental crown?
A dental crown is a replacement artificial tooth or molar that is placed over your own tooth or molar to restore the shape and function of the tooth. It is usually made of metal or porcelain that fits precisely over a buffed tooth. The dentist glues it on so that it looks like it’s your own tooth. Because a dental crown is made to measure, it looks natural and fits nicely with the rest of your teeth.
When can a dental crown be needed?
- There is insufficient support for a filling. A large part of the tooth may have been lost due to tooth decay. The tooth or molar then mainly consists of filling material and is therefore weakened. There is then a good chance that the tooth will break.
- After a root canal treatment. This is because such a treatment weakens the interior of the tooth or molar. If this is then overloaded, it can break down faster.
- Improving the appearance. This usually involves discolored and / or poorly shaped teeth or molars that appear in front of the mouth. For example, if an element has become ugly due to the filling of an element, it can be replaced by a dental crown.
- It can also occur due to an accident. If an element is broken down by, for example: a fall and it can no longer be built with plastic material.
The treatment of a dental crown
A treatment for a dental crown proceeds in steps. For this you need 2 or 3 visits at your dentist. A dental crown is not immediately made in your mouth, but in a dental laboratory. This takes approximately one to two weeks.
View the treatment in steps below. Or the video below.
Preparing (shaping) the tooth
First of all, part of the tooth or molar is trimmed away, until there is enough room to make a dental crown. If necessary, you will receive a local anesthetic if you experience pain.
Taking an impression of the prepared tooth
The dentist then makes an impression of your entire jaw or the area in which the trimmed tooth is located. For this, the dentist puts a impression spoon with a rubbery mass (alginate) in your mouth. This creates a impression in which plaster is cast later in a dental laboratory. The dental crown is made on this plaster model.
With a bite registration, the dentist determines how the teeth or molars of your lower and upper jaw fit together. This requires a impression of the opposite jaw.
If the dental crown is in the front of the mouth, it usually has a tooth-colored outer layer. Together with your dentist you look for a suitable color.
Temporary dental crown
For your comfort and to protect the trimmed tooth, the dentist makes a temporary dental crown. Do not eat hard or sticky things with it. The temporary dental crown is not designed for this. Contact your dentist in case of breakage or loosening of the temporary dental crown.
New dental crown
At the last appointment, your dentist will put the dental crown in your mouth and secure it. He applies a quick-setting cement to the inside of the dental crown. Then he pushes the dental crown into place and presses it firmly.
If your tooth or molar offers too little support for a dental crown, your dentist can first build a structure. He glues the superstructure with a pin in the root canal. Then he places the dental crown over the superstructure.
Maintenance of dental crowns
Daily oral hygiene is especially important with dental crowns. Especially the gums around the dental crown or you must clean well. A vulnerable place is the edge of the dental crown. Dental plaque can easily be left on this. Dental plaque causes cavities along the edge of your dental crown and inflammation of the gums. Carefully brush this area with a soft toothbrush and use toothpicks, brushes and / or floss. Your dentist or dental hygienist can advise you on this.
How much does a dental crown cost?
The costs for a dental crown depend on the type of dental crown, the material used and the costs for the dental laboratory. Moreover, it is important whether a structure is required. Generally, dental crowns can range in costs from $ 600 to $ 1700 or more per dental crown. A portion of the cost of dental crowns is generally covered by insurance. To be certain, check with your dental insurance company.
What material are dental crowns made of?
- Porcelain: Porcelain dental crowns can be used in many situations. The risk of breakage is excluded by new techniques. The material is tooth-colored and looks very natural.
- Metal and porcelain: Metal is used as the basis for this. For the appearance, a layer of tooth-colored porcelain is applied over the visible metal.
- Metal: Sometimes dental crowns are only made of metal. This material is very strong and durable. They then receive a gold or silver-colored gold alloy. Because of the color, the dentist only places them in the back of the mouth.
Do I suffer from pain after treatment for a dental crown?
There are virtually no risks associated with a dental crown treatment. It may be that you have to get used to in the beginning or that your tooth is sensitive. For example, if it feels a little too high, your dentist can help you. If the sensitivity does not go away or it gets worse, contact your dentist.
Dental crowns are durable replacements for teeth and molars
Dental crowns are intended as sustainable replacements for teeth and molars. They approach the original form and function as much as possible. Treatment for a dental crown is more complicated than for a regular filling. You will also have to come back to your dentist a few times.
Broken dental crown
Do you already have a dental crown, but has it broken off? Don’t walk around with it too long. You risk causing further damage to the load-bearing tooth or causing caries, which could cause the tooth to be lost. Then quickly contact your dental office to make an appointment.
How long do dental crown last?
A dental crown is a sustainable solution that can be expected to last at least 10 years or more. Very good oral hygiene for your dental crown and your personal dental situation will therefore have a lot of influence on the lifespan / durability. An accident can of course prevent a dental crown from being damaged prematurely.
Benefits of a dental crown
- It is a very strong restoration
- The shape of a tooth or molar can be adjusted slightly
Disadvantages of a dental crown
- It can cause damage to the periodontium
- An accumulation of dental plaque may occur along the edge of the dental crown
- Sometimes it is difficult to determine the color
- Costs are very high
When should I choose a dental bridge?
- Are you missing multiple teeth in a row?
- Do you have several loose teeth and do you have trouble chewing?
- Do you want to have several ugly teeth replaced?
Then a dental bridge is the perfect solution. A dental bridge is made to replace one or more missing teeth and / or molars. Just like a dental crown, a dental bridge of teeth is placed over existing teeth and in other cases the dental crown is attached to an implant.
A dental bridge of teeth is an ideal solution if you miss one or more teeth. Stuck food scraps? That is past tense! No more gaping holes or open space in your mouth, but a nice set of teeth!
Dental crown or dental bridge?
A dental crown or dental bridge replaces one or more teeth. It is a nice and sustainable solution for a problem that you may have been dealing with for a long time. You can chew carefree again and smile heartily without having to put your hand to your mouth. If in doubt, I recommend that you consult with the dentist.