Caries prevention in children - Pediatric Dentistry
Caries prevention in children
If caries can be prevented, it promotes long-term preservation of one's own dentition. In addition, hurt children can be saved that way. Furthermore, expensive treatments can be dispensed with. It is important to estimate the caries risk. A child who brushes well and with little chance of tooth decay does not need to receive extensive oral hygiene instruction.
The advice for caries prevention in children is focused on oral hygiene, fluoride use and nutrition.
Basic oral hygiene advice
- Brush your teeth and choose two minutes twice a day with a toothpaste whose fluoride content is adjusted to age.
- Children from 0 and 1 year old are an exception to this. They are advised to brush their teeth once a day.
- Parents and caregivers are advised to brush the teeth of children (up to approximately 10 years) for optimal plaque removal and to apply fluoride everywhere.
It is advised to follow a fixed brushing sequence following the three Bs: inside, outside and top. There is no need for powerful brushing. A little bit of pressure is enough. It is recommended to brush the teeth after breakfast and before bedtime. The scrubbing method is the easiest for children to use.
Basic advice fluoride
- 0 and 1 year: from the first tooth break, brush once a day with fluoride toothpaste (500-750 ppm);
- 2, 3 and 4 years: brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste (500-750 ppm);
- 5 years and older: brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste (1,000-1,500 ppm). This can be a junior, children's or toothpaste for adults.
Basic nutrition advice
Patients are advised to eat or drink up to seven times a day. These are three main meals and a maximum of four snacks per day. It is recommended not to eat or drink acidic products one hour before brushing your teeth. This is to prevent dental erosion. In the evening after the last brushing, no more food or drink, at most water. When children receive a bottle at night with something other than water, this can lead to baby bottle caries. In particular, the upper front is served quickly.
Additional advice can be given when:
- Caries activity is detected;
- The three basic recommendations are not executed correctly.
You can think of extensive oral hygiene instruction, fluoride application and taking a nutritional history.